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Course Description

This course utilizes content from the text book “Physical Agents in Rehabilitation” Fourth Edition by Michelle H. Cameron, MD, PT, OCS, © 2013, published by Elsevier.
Instructional Level: Beginner to Intermediate
This text provides straight forward coverage of physical agents to improve patient outcomes and a guide to the safest, most effective use of physical agents in the rehabilitation setting. This valuable resource details the most up-to-date information on lasers and lights, thermal agents, ultrasound, electrical currents, hydrotherapy, traction, compression, lasers and electromagnetic radiation.
Throughout this course you will learn to expand treatment options and ensure patient safety with sections on thermal agents and electrical currents that reflect the latest research and clinical application recommendations. Content including upper extremity cases for all physical agent chapters, application technique boxes with detailed step-by-step instructions for using all physical agents. Contraindication and precautions boxes with important safety information.
To better meet your professional needs, this fully illustrated text of 437 pages has been carefully broken down by sections into 4 modules. Each module approved for 10 contact hours of post-graduate continuing education (NOTE: board approvals vary state to state, please check your states approval status in the state specific course catalog by returning to our home page and entering both your state and profession).
Each 10 contact hour module can be purchased individually or combined with one or all of the other modules from this course to create a Course Bundle. Each course is offered in two easy formats to again meet your professional needs. You can choose to have immediate access to your course by selecting the online format (PDF download) or a hard copy of the material can be rushed to your home by selecting our mail format.

Module Description

Included in Module 3:  Electrical Currents and Electromagnetic Agents

Chapter 11:  Introduction to Electrical Currents
Chapter 12:  Electrical Currents for Muscle Contraction
Chapter 13:  Electrical Currents for Pain Control
Chapter 14:  Electrical Currents for Tissue Healing
Chapter 15:  Lasers and Light
Chapter 16:  Ultraviolet Radiation

Module Goals

Professional Learning Objectives

  1. Identify locations on the skin where electrical stimulation most effectively caused specific muscles to contract.
  2. Explain stimulation of action potentials in nerves.
  3. List the contraindications for the use of electric currents.
  4. Discuss why open or damaged skin should be avoided.
  5. Identify the application of an electrical current to produce muscle contractions that are applied during a functional activity.
  6. Explain the reversal of the resting potential in excitable cell membranes, where the inside of the cell becomes positive relative to the outside.
7.    Discuss the use of electrical currents to produce muscle contraction in innervated muscles.
8.    Explain muscle contraction in innervated muscle.
9.    Recognize clinical applications of electrically stimulated muscle contraction.
10.  Define electrical muscle stimulation (EMS).
11.  Identify recommended parameter settings for electrically stimulated muscle contractions.
12.  Identify the principle of strengthening muscles in which the greater the load placed on a muscle and higher the force contraction it produces, the more strength that muscle will gain.
13.  Define transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).
14.  Discuss low-rare/acupuncture-like TENS.
15.  Explain waveform.
16.  Indentify recommended parameter settings for electrical stimulation for pain control.
17.  Recognize transient increase in threshold to nerve excitation.
18.  Discuss electrical currents for tissue healing.
19.  Explain how electrical stimulation facilitates would healing.
20.  Identify recommended parameter settings for electrical stimulation for edema control.
21.  Explain the waveform for edema associated with lack of muscle contraction.
22.  Discuss the depth to which a drug is delivered by iontophoresis.
23.  Identify the ions used clinically for Iontophoresis, including ion source, polarity, recommended indications, and concentration.
24.  List what documentation should include for usingelectrical stimulation to reduce edema or for tissue healing.
25.  Recognize physical properties if electromagnetic radiation.
26.  Discuss the history of lasers and light.
27.  Explain physical properties of lasers and light.
28.  Understand the effects of lasers and light.
29.  Identify the adverse effects of lasers and light.
30.  Recognize the application of laser light for therapeutic purposes, and is also known as cold laser, low-intensity, low-power, or soft laser.
31.  Discuss physical properties of ultraviolet radiation.
32.  Explain the effects of ultraviolet radiation.
33.  Identify clinical indications for ultraviolet radiation.